Ladybug Word Family/Rime May 04 2010
Onset – An onset is the beginning consonant element in a syllable, before the vowel. (For example, the word ring. R is the onset and ing is the rime. (Ring, wing, king and bring all belong to the ing word family.)
Rime or Word Family- There are 37 most commonly used rimes/word families. When students learn the 37 word families they are equiped to write and spell more than 500 word combinations (Wylie and Durrell, 1970). A rime or word family is the vowel and any following consonants within a syllable. They are groups of words that have a common feature or pattern. They share the same combinations of letters and a similar sound.
The 37 most common word families in English are: ack, ain, ake, ale, all, ame, an, ank, ap, ash, at, ate, aw ay, eat, ell, est, ice, ick, ide, ight, ill, in, ine, ing, ink, ip, it, ock, oke, op, ore, ot, uck ,ug, ump, unk (Wylie and Durrell).
- Ladybug _ug Template
- My Word Family/Rime
- Dry Erase Marker for the Teacher
- Eraser for Dry Erase Marker or Tissue Paper for the Teacher
Laminate the Ladybug _ug Template. (Another option is to copy the ladybug onto clear transparency and use it on the overhead projector.)
Teacher Demonstration and Class Discussion:
Use this little ladybug as a way to introduce the ug word family/rime. Using the laminated ladybug explain that there are lots of words ending with ug. All words ending with ug are in the same word family. Let the children suggest ug words as you write them onto the ladybug. At least one student will probably give the correct answer... bug. After writing and then erasing bug ask the students to think of other words in the ug word family. Some suggestions are: tug, rug, mug, slug. When you are finished end with the word bug, and post the ladybug in your classroom for reference.
Tell the students that there are 37 most common word families in English: ack, ain, ake, ale, all, ame, an, ank, ap, ash, at, ate, aw ay, eat, ell, est, ice, ick, ide, ight, ill, in, ine, ing, ink, ip, it, ock, oke, op, ore, ot, uck ,ug, ump, unk (Wylie and Durrell).
Assign one word family to each student. When reviewing assessments, this is the ideal time to assign a word family which you know each individual student is in need of studying.
Assignment/Free, Differentiated Printable:
Pass out My Word Family/Rime. Students write the word family they have been assigned on the paper and draw pictures and write words demonstrating words in that word family.
Students share their word family words and drawing with the class for discussion and review.
Wylie, R.E., & Durrell, D.D. (1970). Teaching vowels through phonograms. Elementary English, 47, 787-791.